There are a variety of typical nail problems that people face, some of which can be treated at home. More serious issues should be discussed with a doctor, as they may necessitate surgery.
A person with strong nails will notice the following characteristics.
- size and shape are consistent
- lustrous and silky look
- The pink nail bed is the skin underneath the nail.
- The little half-moon shape at the base of the nail is called a white lunula.
- The white nail-free margin is the portion of the nail that extends beyond the fingertip.
Common Problems of nails are:
According to the National Psoriasis Foundation, about half of all persons who have psoriasis also have nail psoriasis. Nail psoriasis can affect the fingernails or toenails of a person.
The following are some of the signs and symptoms of nail psoriasis:
- Nail pitting is a condition in which the nail develops microscopic dents.
- Discoloration that is white, yellow, or brown.
- Brittle nails
- Detachment of a finger or toe’s nail from its respective finger or toe
- Beneath the nail, there is blood
- Thickening of the nails
It is the medical term for nails that are brittle, splitting, soft, or thin. Onychoschizia is a common nail problem and is more likely to occur in females than in males.
This can occur due to:
- repeated wetting and drying of nails
- low humidity
- frequent use of nail polish and nail polish remover
- extended contact with detergent or cleaning products
- deficiencies of iron, zinc, or selenium
Ingrown toenails occur when the nail starts to grow into the skin of the toe.
Causes of ingrown toenails include:
- cutting toenails too short or at angles
- wearing shoes that are too small
- experiencing nail trauma
- having a family history of ingrown toenails
- having fungal infections
When fungus enters a person’s nail, generally through a small crack, it causes fungal infection. Toenail infections are more probable than fingernail infections to be caused by fungus.
Fungal nail infections can be caused by a variety of factors, including:
Diabetes, a weakened immune system, circulatory issues, and athlete’s foot.
A subungual hematoma is a bruise that appears underneath the nail. Injuring the nail, such as by stubbing a toe or wearing shoes that are too tight, can cause subungual hematomas.
- A person with a subungual hematoma may notice:
- pain and tenderness in the nail
- lifting of the nail
- Spots of purple, red, brown, or black on the nail
All these nail problems are so common. If you are facing them please consult your doctor.